Thursday, April 19, 2012
Today's Journalism: No Experience Required?
Good journalism, somebody once said, is a nation talking to itself.
That's "talking to itself," not yelling, screaming, shrieking, talking over one another and generally engaging in verbal bullying.
Yet that is just about all we see on prime-time television--especially cable television--these days.
Prime time cable TV outlets such as Fox, CNN, MSNBC, CNBC, etc. continue to produce a proliferation of hosts and pundits with no foundation in journalistic ethics and tradition.
Today's so-called "news shows" more often than not devolve into shout fests where guests and hosts engage, not in any kind of intelligent discussion of issues, but in contests to see who can talk the loudest or bully those who disagree with them into submission.
That kind of behavior comes with a steep price. What does the viewing public learn from such exhibitions of bad behavior?
The answer, I would argue, is not much. Because when people are yelling at one another, calling one another names or generally behaving like petulant children, reasoned discourse disappears and the viewer gets lost in the shrill entertainment of the moment.
Opinion is NOT reporting. Yet those who monitor the recent explosion of misnamed "news shows" say viewers don't really discern between shows with obvious political agendas and those that attempt to present events with a minimum of subjectivity and a maximum of fairness and balance.
When I started out in the newspaper business, reporters were taught that while all of us have biases, as professionals we must work to subordinate those biases and keep our opinions out of the stories we report.
It was something that was drilled into our heads and good editors and producers made sure it never left.
That is simply not the case today. Too many journalists (or those who like to call themselves journalists) feel compelled to insert their opinions in everything they write or produce.
In fact, many of these "journalists" are not journalists at all, but simply former political operatives and talking heads who wrap themselves in the mantle of journalism when real journalists are risking their lives in places like Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq to bring people reliable news.
These shows, with their pseudo-journalist hosts and churlish, dogmatic guests debase the media and undermine their integrity and credibility.
The opinion-fueled shows that dominate cable news channels during prime time are far removed from the old-school straight news programs such as the traditional nightly network newscasts that many of us grew up with.
At an awards dinner a few years ago for the late Mike Wallace of CBS 60-Minutes fame, I had an opportunity to talk with Walter Cronkite about the state of television news in general and prime time cable news in particular. During his reign on CBS Cronkite, who died in 2009, was often referred to as the most trusted journalist in America--an appellation he didn't take lightly.
During our conversation he decried the lack of ethics and professionalism that is so pervasive today.
"Too many of these people simply don't care about or have any desire to ferret out the truth," Cronkite told me. "Too many have intense political or social agendas and rather than present information as objectively as possible, they want to jam their opinions down our throats."
And, he added, most of the public cannot distinguish between these faux journalists and real reporters.
The Society of Professional Journalists--an organization I have belonged to since my days as a student at the University of Kansas--has a code of ethics that most of cable TV's shouting heads have no concept of.
I, as well as a majority of the journalists I have worked with in the U.S. and around the world, always worked assiduously to follow that code which consists of several sections.
The ones that stand out most in these days of ersatz journalism (and which are, unfortunately, too often ignored) are:
· Give voice to the voiceless; official and unofficial sources of information can be equally valid.
· Distinguish between advocacy and news reporting. Analysis and commentary should be labeled and not misrepresent fact or context.
· Test the accuracy of information from all sources and exercise care to avoid inadvertent error. Deliberate distortion is never permissible.
· Journalists should be free of obligation to any interest other than the public's right to know.
· Support the open exchange of views, even views they find repugnant.
· Journalists are accountable to their readers, listeners, viewers and each other.
I have purposely NOT mentioned any names of the most egregious offenders here, because that would require several more pages of copy. But I urge you to watch these so-called "news shows" with a critical eye and ear from now on.
Pay attention to who they have on as guests or as experts--and how often they appear. Watch how those with opposing views are interviewed--or not interviewed. Are they allowed to get their points or arguments across without being shouted down?
What kinds of discussions are held on issues? Are they truth-seeking or simply attempts to reinforce the opinion of the host?
Does each member of a panel have an opportunity to talk without being insulted by the host or by some other panel member?
How you answer these questions will go a long way in helping you to determine if you are watching a frenzied opinion-fest or a real news show designed to get at the truth.
As Thomas Jefferson once said: "An informed citizenry is the only true repository of the public will."
So, I will end where I began.
Good journalism is a nation talking to itself--and, I would add, it is a nation that learns from intelligent, rational discourse and has at its core the responsibility to help advance and encourage an informed citizenry.